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五分钟新概念|礼尚往来

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匿名  发表于 2020-7-29 19:24:30 |阅读模式
  Lesson 11
  One good turn deserves another
  每个人身边都有那么一两个
  喜欢自作聪明的人
  大家可能嘴上不说
  但是多多少少会心生反感
  今天就让我们跟随北京新东方英语学习部老师一起来看看
  作者身边赚着高薪的托尼.斯蒂尔
  是个怎样的人呢?
  I was having dinner at a restaurant whenHarry Steele came in. Harry worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and n**r pays itback. Harry saw me and came and sat at the same **. Hehas n**r borrowed money from me. While he was eating,I asked him to lend me twenty pounds. To my surprise,he gave me the money im**tely. 'I have n**r borrowed any money from you,' Harry said, 'so now you can pay for mydinner!'
  ONE 一词多用
  文中例句
  One good turn deserves another 礼尚往来
  语法解析
  (1)a good turn,“善事”,“好事”
  日行一善:a good turn for the day
  善有善报:one good turn deserves another.
  (2)deserve,“值得”;
  你当之无愧:You deserve it!
  你活该啊!:You deserve it!
  TWO 过去时态辨析
  文中例句
  1. I was having dinner at a restaurant whenHarry Steele came in.
  我正在一家饭馆吃饭,托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来。
  2. Harry worked in a lawyer's office yearsago.
  托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作。
  语法解析
  1. was having,过去进行时
  was/were doing, 表示过去某一时刻或某一时段正在进行的动作(此处属于“时刻”用法)。
  2. (1) worked,一般过去时
  表示过去某时间发生的动作。
  更多例句
  1. I was having a talk with Li Hua at thattime.
  那时,我正在跟李华谈话。
  I was watching TV at home last night.
  昨晚我一直在看电视
  2. We haven’t seeneach other for years.
  It’s years since welast met.
  我们多年没见了。
  THREE 现在时态辨析
  文中例句
  1. He is now working at a bank.
  他现在在一家银行上班。
  2. …but he alwaysborrows money from his friends and n**r pays it back.
  …但他却总是向朋友借钱,并且从来不还。
  语法解析
  1. is working, 现在进行时
  be + doing, 表示现在时刻或现在时段正在发生的动作。此处属于“现在时段”的用法。
  2. borrows,pays,一般现在时
  动词第三人称单数形式,表示经常发生的或习惯性的动作。
  FOUR 有借有还
  文中例句
  He has n**r borrowed money from me. While hewas eating, I asked him to lend me twenty pounds.
  他从未向我借过钱,但他吃饭时,我提出向他借20英镑。
  语法解析
  1. 借进来,borrow (from)
  借出去,lend (to)
  I don’t like to borrowfrom friends.
  我不喜欢和朋友借钱。
  I’ve lent the car toa friend.
  我把车借给一位朋友了。
  2. pay “偿还、支付”:
  还清贷款:pay off the mortgage
  付晚饭钱:pay for my dinner
  还账单:pay the bill
  付房租:pay the rent
  付罚金:pay a fine
  FIVE 巧用连词
  文中例句
  Harry saw me and came and sat at the same**.
  托尼看见了我,就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前。
  语法解析
  (1)如果连接两个以上的词语,通常把and放在最后一个词语前面,如:
  I like eggs, meat, rice, bread and milk.
  我喜欢鸡蛋、肉、米饭、面包和牛奶。
  (2)为了强调,可在两者之间分别加上and,如:
  saw and came and sat
  and 连接三个动作,体现此处动作的连贯性。
  (3)and连接前后两个相同的语法成分,此处为连接时态相同的两个动词;还可以连接短语或句子。如:
  You must look after yourself and keephealthy.
  你必须照顾自己并保持身体健康。(连接动词短语)。
  更多例句
  All that afternoon I jumped and sang and didall kinds of things. 那天整个下午我又唱又跳,做各种各样的事情。(事情一件接一件,强调做了很多事情)
  They teach us Chinese and we teach themEnglish. 他们教我们汉语,我们教他们英语。(连接两个简单句)




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