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中考英语语法之副词

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匿名  发表于 2020-8-2 12:56:34 |阅读模式
  下面整理了《中考英语语法知识点》,希望能对大家的中考英语复习有所帮助。更多知识点也可关注下北京新东方的中考英语系列课程~
  有关副词的重要注释:
  ⑴ as…as…常构成一些词组:as soon as…(一旦…就…), as well as…(同样), as+形容词/副词+as possible(尽可能……地)。如:Please rin**e up as soon as you get toBeijing.(请你一到北京就给我写信。)/ Miss Gao hurried to the schoolgate as quickly as possible.(高小姐尽快地赶到了校门口。)
  [注释] “as long / much as + 名词”可以表示“长达/多达…”的含义。如:The house costs as much as five**dred thousand yuan.(那幢房子花费高达50万元。)/ They stayed in the cave(山洞)as long as twoweeks.(他们呆在山洞里长达两周。)
  ⑵ later、after、ago、before的用法:①“一段时间+later/ago”分别表示“(多久)以后/以前”,主要用于过去时态。②“after/before+某个时刻”分别表示“在某时刻之后/之前”,此时两个词是介词。③ago与before:ago只能用于过去时,before用于完成时。如:He had an accident a week ago.(一周前出了一个事故)/Some years later, the boy became a very famous singer.(数年后这个男孩成了著名的歌唱家)/ Have you been there before?(你从前到过那儿吗?)/ After a few years he gave up smoking.(过了几年他戒了烟。)
  ⑶ above、below、over、under的用法:在上下方用above和below,在高低处用over和under.如:The stars are high above in thesky.(星星高挂在空中) / A plane flew overquickly.(一架飞机从头顶飞过。)
  当above、below、over、under是介词性质时,意义相似。
  ⑷ too、also、either、nor的用法:too(“也”)用于肯定句和疑问句的末尾,且用逗号隔开;also(“也”)用于肯定句句子谓语动词之前;either(“也”)用于否定句末尾,也用逗号隔开;nor(“也不”)用于倒装句句首;如:Areyou American,too?(你也是**人吗?)/ He is not happy and I am not happy,either.(他不愉快,我也不。) / He didn’twatch the football **. Nor did I.(他没有看足球赛,我也没有。)/ Youcan also find the ** is very good.(你还可以发觉那个市场很好。)
  ⑸ enough、too、so、very、quite、very much的用法:enough (“足够,十分”)放在形容词或副词之后;too(“太”)、very(“非常”)、quite(“相当”)、so(“如此地”)等放在形容词或副词之前,very much(“非常”)放在动词之后。如:It’s too/so/very/quiteexpensive.(它太贵/那么贵/非常贵/相当贵。)/ I don’t likesweets very much.(我不很喜欢糖果)
  [注意] very与 much的区别:very修饰形容词、副词的原级和现在分词形容词,much修饰形容词和副词的比较级;much还可以修饰疑问句和否定句中的动词,very不可以。如:He is very stupid.(他很笨)/ The film was very moving and **ryone swept.(**非常动人,大家都哭了)/ You must work much harder or you will fail to enter the goodschool.(你得学习更努力,不然你考不进那所好学校)/ I don’t like him much.(我不太喜欢他)
  ⑹sometimes、 sometime、 some times、some time的用法:sometimes(有时)用于一般现在时、 sometime(在将来某时)用于将来时、 some times(数次)表示次数、some time(一些时间)表示一段时间。如:Sometimes they go hiking in the mountains.(他们有时徒步旅行到山里去)/ I will stay here some time.(我会在这儿呆些时候的。)/I will meet your father sometime.(我什么时候要见见你的**。)
  ⑺ how、what用于感叹句的用法:对句子中的形容词或副词感叹时用how,对人或事物(可能含有形容词作修饰语)进行感叹用what.如:What a fine day (it is) today!(今天天气真好!) / How difficult (the problem is)!((问题)真难呀!)
  ⑻ already、yet的用法:在完成时中,already一般用于肯定句,yet一般用于否定句和疑问句。如:Have you done it already?(你已经做好了?) / I have not had my breakfastyet.(我还没有吃早饭呢。)
  ⑼ hard与hardly的用法:hard作为副词意思是:“努力地,猛烈地”,hardly是否定词,意思是:“几乎不”,一般与情态动词can/could连用。如:They study English very hard.(他们英语学得很刻苦)/You can hardly see a person spit in a public place.(在公共场所你几乎看不到一个人随地吐痰)
  ⑽like...very much、like...better(=prefer)、like...best的用法:三个短语分别表示“非常喜欢”、“更喜欢”、“最喜欢”。如:Ilike baseball very much.(我非常喜欢棒球)/ Do you like butterbetter than cheese?( / They like hamburgers best.
  ⑾“quite/what+a+形容词+名词”的用法:记住:①quite/such/what...+a+形容词+名词;②too/so/how+形容词+a+名词;③rather+a+形容词+名词 = a+rather+形容词+名词。如:I have n**rseen such a strange guy(家伙).(我从未见过这样奇怪的家伙) / It is quite a nice day for a walk.(这真是散步的好日子)
  ⑿ how 的几个短语:how often“多常,每隔多久”,用于一般时态,对表示频度的词语进行提问; howsoon“多久以后”,用于将来时态; how long“多久”,用于过去时、完成时或其他时态; how many times“多少次”,用于过去时或完成时,对总计次数进行提问;how much“多么,多少”,对程度进行提问,也可以对数量(不可数)或金钱进行提问。如:How long have you been like this?(你这样已经多久了?)/ How often does he wash his face?(他每隔多久洗一次脸?)
  ⒀ much、**与most的用法:这三个词除了是形容词作名词的修饰语之外,还是程度副词,much表示“很”,修饰原级形/副,**表示“更”用来构成多音节形/副的比较级,most表示“最”用来构成多音节形/副的最高级。此外,much也可以修饰比较级形/副。如:This park is much ** beautiful thanthat one.(这个公园比那个漂亮多了)/ It is the most instructive filmI have **r seen.(这是我看过的最有教育意义的**)
  ⒁ no **、no longer、not...any **、no...any longer的用法:表示时间,可以用no longer、not...ny **、no...any longer,而且no longer只能放在谓语动词之前;表示程度,可以用no **、not...any **.如:He no longer lived there.(他不再住在那里) / Tom wanted no ** cakes.(他不想再要蛋糕) / Hedidn’ t smoke any **/longer.(他不再抽烟)
  ⒂ 被动语态中,方式副词一般放在be与谓语动词之间。如: The runner was badly hurt.(赛跑运动员受了重伤) / English is widely spoken in the world today.(如今世界上英语说得很广泛)
  ⒃too...to...与so...that...的问题:副词too/so后面跟形容词或副词,to后面跟动词,that后面跟从句。Too...to...(“太.……以致不……”)是否定的结构,用于简单句;so...that...(“如此…以致…”)是肯定结构,用于复合句。如:The child is too young to join the army.(这孩子年龄太小还不能参军)/ He is so strong that he can lift the heavy box.(他这么强壮,搬得动那个重箱子。)
  ⒄ 既是形容词也是副词的单词有:early, late, long, last, next, first, near, enough, much, all, hard, alone, fast, slow, high, low, straight等等。如:Itwas a long holiday.(那是个长假)/ He stayed there very long.(他在那儿呆了好久)/ Think hard then you will find a way.(好好想你就会找到办法)/ He is a very hard(难对付的) person.(他是个难玩的家伙)
  ⒅ farther与further的用法区别:表示地点、方向或距离时两个词同义,意思为“更远、较远”,但是further还表示“更多、进一步、额外”等意思,此时不能换为farther. 如:They decided to gofarther/further the next day.(他们决定第二天走得再远些)/ Thisproblem will be further discussed.(这个问题还要进一步讨论)/ **ryone of them had their further studies after they left college.(他们每个**学毕业后继续进修)
  ⒆ rather与quite的用法区别:同very一样,两个词都表示形容词或副词的程度,quite表示“不到最高程度但是比预料的好”,rather比quite更接近very的含义,含有令人惊讶的意思。见下图对“nice”程度的描绘:
  not nice(fairly) nice quite nice rather nice very nice
  如:It’s quite a nice film.(这是部好片子)。(可能意味着不是一部最好的**) / It’s rather a nice film.(这是部很不错的**。)(意味着比大多数**都好)
  [注意]注意quite与rather后面的次序词序。
  ⒇ maybe、possibly、perhaps的区别:maybe“可能、也许”,比另外两个词更不正式、更随便、可能性不大;possibly“可能地、或者、也许”,可能性较大,在否定句和疑问句中表示“无论如何”;perhaps“可能”,较为常用而且正式,可能性也不大。如:You could put it over there,maybe.(也许你可以把它放在那边) / I couldn’t possibly have finished such along book in such a short time.(我不可能在这么短的时间内完成这么长的一本书)/I thought perhaps it was the letter you have been expecting.(我以为那也许就是你期盼的信件)
  (21) most、mostly的区别:most作为形容词和名词时意思是“大多数的、大部分的”,作为副词时意思为“最,十分、很”;mostly仅为副词,意思为“主要地、多半地、大部分地”。如:I was at homemost of the time when I was free.(我有空时大部分时间都在家)Mostchildren are naughty.(大部分的孩子都淘气)/ This is the mostexciting part of the film.(这是**中最令人兴奋的部分)/She is mostlyout on Sundays.(星期天她一般不在家)
  (22) (be)worth、(be) worthy of的区别:worth一般被看作是介词,后面接名词或者动名词,用主动表示被动含义,还可以用副词well修饰;worthy of表示“值得的、配得上的”,后面跟动名词的被动形式。如:What is worth doing at all is worth doing well(凡是值得做的,就值得好好去做). / The house is worth ¥300,000.(房子价值30万元)/ Thisbook is well worth reading s**ral times.
  (23)almost、nearly的区别:两个词意思相近,都表示“几乎、将近”,大多数情况下可以互换,与否定词连用时用almost不用nearly. almost no 相当于hardly any(几乎没有)。如:Hehad done almost nothing today.(他今天几乎没有干什么) / We arealmost/nearly there.(我们几乎就到那里了)/ Almost nobody/Hardlyanybody understood his words.(几乎没有人懂他的话)
  (24) a bit与a little的区别:这两个名词短语经常当作副词使用,修饰形容词或副词的原级或比较级,可以互换,语气比rather弱。如:This digital camera is a bit(alittle) expensive.(这台数码相机有点贵)/ It is a little(a bit)colder than yesterday.(今天比昨天冷了点)
  另外,alittle可以直接加不可数名词,a bit 则采用“abit + of +名词(不可数或可数名词复数)”的形式。如:I have got a bit of a cold.(我有点感冒)/ Go andget a little water for me, please.(请你去给我搞点水来)
  [注意] not a bit(=not at all)意为“根本不”,而 not alittle则意为“非常,不是一点”。




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